Uzbekistan is a landlocked republic in Central Asia that lies south and southeast of the Aral Sea, south of Kazakhstan, north of Turkmenistan and Afghanistan, Tajikistan is bordering in south east, Kyrgyzstan in east.
The landscape of Uzbekistan is dry with mostly flat-to-rolling sandy desert, inclusive dunes. The Kyzyl Kum (Red Sand), a large desert stretches across most of the country. Only about 10% of the country's area is intensively cultivated with irrigated land in river valleys and oases. Highest point in Uzbekistan is the Khazret Sultan, at 4,643 m (15,233 ft), the mountain is located on the border with Tajikistan, north west of Dushanbe in the southern part of the Gissar Mountain Range. Main rivers are Amu Darya, Syr Darya (Sirdaryo), and Zarafshan River.
With an area of 447,400 km², Uzbekistan is about the size of Sweden, or slightly larger than the U.S. state of California.